Αυτό-αποτελεσματικότητα Εκπαιδευτικών Φυσικής Αγωγής Πρωτοβάθμιας Εκπαίδευσης: διαφορές λόγω φύλου και επιπέδου σπουδών

Ασπασία Νικόλαος Παπαμίχου, Βασιλική Λαζάρου Δέρρη

Περίληψη


Η αυτό-αποτελεσματικότητα (ΑΑ) των εκπαιδευτικών Φυσικής Αγωγής(ΕΦΑ), δηλαδή ο βαθμός στον οποίο αισθάνονται αποτελεσματικοί στην εργασία τους, είναι βασικός παράγοντας της εκπαιδευτικής διαδικασίας. Σκοπός της παρούσας έρευνας ήταν να διαπιστωθούν τυχόν διαφορές λόγω φύλου και επιπέδου σπουδών (βασικό πτυχίο Τ.Ε.Φ.Α.Α, Μεταπτυχιακό, Διδακτορικό) στην ΑΑ των ΕΦΑ. Στην έρευνα πήραν μέρος 160 ΕΦΑ Πρωτοβάθμιας Εκπαίδευσης από όλη την Ελλάδα, εκ των οποίων 87 ήταν κάτοχοι βασικού πτυχίου (37 άνδρες, 50 γυναίκες) και 73 Μεταπτυχιακού και  Διδακτορικού διπλώματος (34 άνδρες, 39 γυναίκες). Για την αξιολόγηση της ΑΑ χρησιμοποιήθηκε το ερωτηματολόγιο Self-Evaluation of Teacher Effectiveness in Physical Education (SETEQ-PE) των Kyrgyridis, Derri και Kioumourtzoglou (2006) αφού προσαρμόστηκε στις ανάγκες της παρούσας έρευνας. Από την ανάλυση διακύμανσης με δύο παράγοντες (two way Anova) διαπιστώθηκε στατιστικά σημαντική αλληλεπίδραση των ανεξάρτητων μεταβλητών φύλο και επίπεδο σπουδών στους παράγοντες Ανατροφοδότηση και Αξιολόγηση, όπου οι άνδρες και οι γυναίκες εκπαιδευτικοί με Μεταπτυχιακό και Διδακτορικό επίπεδο σπουδών είχαν υψηλότερη ΑΑ από τους άνδρες και τις γυναίκες συναδέλφους τους με βασικό πτυχίο αντίστοιχα, αλλά και οι άνδρες με Μεταπτυχιακό και Διδακτορικό επίπεδο σπουδών είχαν υψηλότερη ΑΑ από τις γυναίκες συναδέλφους τους με ίδιο επίπεδο σπουδών, και στην ανατροφοδότηση και στην αξιολόγηση. Διαπιστώθηκε επίσης στατιστικά σημαντική επίδραση του φύλου στον παράγοντα Προσαρμοστικότητα, υπέρ των ανδρών και του επιπέδου σπουδών στους παράγοντες Εφαρμογή σχεδιασμού διδασκαλίας, Περιβάλλον μάθησης, Στρατηγικές διδασκαλίας, Δεξιότητες επικοινωνίας, Προσαρμοστικότητα, Ανατροφοδότηση και Αξιολόγηση διδάσκοντα και μαθητή υπέρ των ΕΦΑ με Μεταπτυχιακές και Διδακτορικές σπουδές. Συμπερασματικά, η εξειδίκευση σπουδών παίζει καθοριστικό ρόλο στην ΑΑ των  ΕΦΑ σε βασικούς παράγοντες της διδασκαλίας

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